Our History

For almost 40 years, the AVCP that operates today has been an Alaska nonprofit corporation, one that was created in 1977 under the legal name, “Association of Village Council Presidents.”  Throughout that time, we have been a “charitable organization,” recognized by the federal U.S. government by reference to a specific law – section 501(c)(3) of the tax code – that allows the agency to receive tax-deductible contributions and automatically qualify for funding from other 501(c)(3) organizations as well as for some federal funds that are dedicated solely to ”(c)(3) organizations.”  [Information on the limits imposed by 501(c)(3) exemption may be found at IRS Exemption Requirements – 501(c)(3) Organizations.]

But there were many different groups that preceded, and contributed to, who we are and what we do.  Here is a  brief history of what lead to our organization’s creation, an event that was preceded by 13 years of the member villages and tribes working together to effect and create changes in the region.


  • The “first” legal structure using the AVCP ‘name’ is created: an unincorporated association (“Association of Village Council Presidents” and known as AVCP) was formed this year in anticipation of the passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, in the hope that this group would be qualified to administer that Act’s proceeds.[1]
  • As a result of this ANCSA planning (which the YK Delta tribes endorsed), the creation of AVCP in 1964 is cited as AVCP’s birthday – more accurately a birthday of the tribes’ meetings which were then, as now, referred to as Association of Village College Presidents’ Conventions.


  • The YK Delta tribes develop and continue efforts to serve the people of the region, working through various Committees they create – Health, Housing Committee, Resources Committee, etc.[2]
  • Eddie Hoffman hires Raphael Murran in 1968 to organize annual meetings of AVCP’s villages.[3]
  • In 1968, the Yukon-Kuskokwin Health Corporation is organized, with the approval of the tribes at the 1968 Convention.[4] (1 of 2)
  • In 1969, Association of Village Council Presidents, Inc., an Alaska for-profit corporation (“AVCP, Inc.”) was formed in anticipation of being ANCSA-administrator for the region.


  • ANCSA is enacted into law, but AVCP, Inc. does not meet all of the law’s provisions and thus cannot serve as the administrator for the YK Delta region [Calista Corporation is formed and takes on that role].
  • With the approval of the tribes at the 1970 Convention,4 (2 of 2) Yupiktak Bista, Inc. (YB, Inc.), a non-profit corporation, is formed to operate to benefit the people of YK Delta.  Harold Napolean was the Executive Director through 1975, followed by Carl Jack in 1976.  Carl Jack notes, “AVCP at that time existed by name only, and used YB, Inc. as its administrative arm . . . programs under YB, Inc. were the CETA program and the operating funds supporting P.L. 93-636, [the] Indian Self Determination and Educational Program Act ….” (YB, Inc. had been authorized by a number of YK Delta tribes to administer those funds on the tribes behalf).[5]


  • Nunam Klutisisti is organized with the tribes endorsement at the 1973 Convention.[6]
  • AVCP Regional Housing Authority is formed while Raphael Murran is Chair of YB, Inc.[7] in line with the tribes endorsement of such creation at the 1974 Convention.[8]


  • Carl Jack becomes YB, Inc.’s Executive Director. Since at that time its only funding were the P.L. 93-636 funds, he initiates efforts “to organize a strategic plan to revitalize . . .  [a] regional administrative infrastructure to address the social, educational and special issues” of the region.[9]
  • A strategic plan endorses a new “operating base” for these efforts. The “YB, Inc. Board of Directors during the fall of 1976 . . . [directs] the necessary corporate documents to incorporate AVCP [i.e., the current AVCP – THIS organization – to be] the regional non-profit corporation with a full understanding that in the process YB, Inc. would be dissolved and its programs novated [meaning the new AVCP would take over all contracts and grants that began with YB] to the new AVCP.”  The tribes give approval during a last quarter 1976 special purpose Convention chaired by Eddie Hoffman.[10]


  • This organization is created by filing of nonprofit Articles of Incorporation [link to 1977 Articles] with the State of Alaska in May 1977, with the name “Association of Village Council Presidents.”
  • An application was made to the Internal Revenue Service thereafter for 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status.
  • The Articles of Incorporation are amended at IRS’ request  in 1978 (to reference tax-exempt purposes under the correct Code section, 501(c)(3))  [link to 1978 Amendment].
  • The IRS awards 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status in 1978, applying same back to the date of incorporation. Exemption is retained until revoked. Current exempt status can be confirmed by the IRS’ select-check tool (https://apps.irs.gov/app/eos/)– type in the organization’s name in quotation marks, “Association of Village Council Presidents.”

Present Day

AVCP to this day continues to operate as an 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization.  Its Executive Board of Directors is responsible to:

  • carry-out the mission of the organization
  • fulfill the obligations of its charter as a nonprofit corporation with the State of Alaska
  • ensure that the corporation observes all 501(c)(3) limits and maintains that qualification with the IRS, and
  • be accountable to the corporation’s voting members, the 56 villages of the YK Delta.

The corporation’s By-Laws are available here:

1978 By-laws [original By-Laws]

2013 By-laws

AVCP By-Laws as of 06_08_2016 amendments

AVCP By-laws as Amended 10-5-2016 Certified [CURRENT By-Laws]

[1] Article by Carl Jack (this organization’s first President), “AVCP as a non-profit Corporation,” AVCP 2004 Special Convention Newsletter – Remembering Our Past, p. 4.

[2] Interview of Moses Paukan by Vivian Johnson (now, Korthuis), 9/27/2004, AVCP 2004 Special Convention Newsletter – Remembering Our Past, p. 3.

[3] Same as note 2.

[4] Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 8.

[5] Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 4.

[6] Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 8

[7] Article by Raphel Murran, “Many people helped AVCP,” AVCP 2004 Special Convention Newsletter – Remembering Our Past, p. 5.

[8] Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 8.

[9]  Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 4.

[10] Carl Jack, article cited in note 1, p. 8.v